Modules

The modules of Tryton extend the functionality of the platform. The server comes by default with only a basic functionality included in these modules: ir, res.

Module Structure

A module is a directory in trytond/modules which contains at least two files:

  • __init__.py: a Tryton module must be a Python module.
  • tryton.cfg: a Configuration file that describes the Tryton module.

__init__.py file

It is the Python __init__.py to define a module. It must contains a method named register() that must register to the pool all the objects of the module.

tryton.cfg file

It is a configuration file using the format of ConfigParser that must contain tryton section with this following name:

  • version: The version number of the module.
  • depends: A one per line list of modules on which this module depends.
  • extras_depend: A one per line list of modules on which this module may depend.
  • xml: The one per line list of the XML files of the module. They will be loaded in the given order at the installation or update of the module.

Here is an example:

[tryton]
version=0.0.1
depends:
    ir
    res
    country
xml:
    party.xml
    category.xml
    address.xml
    contact_mechanism.xml

Python Files

The Python files define the models for the modules.

XML Files

The XML files define data that will be inserted into the database.

There is an rnc for those files stored in trytond/tryton.rnc.

The following snippet gives a first idea of what an xml file looks:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<tryton>
    <data>
        <record model="res.group" id="group_party_admin">
            <field name="name">Party Administration</field>
        </record>
        <record model="res.user-res.group"
            id="user_admin_group_party_admin">
            <field name="user" ref="res.user_admin"/>
            <field name="group" ref="group_party_admin"/>
        </record>

        <menuitem name="Party Management" sequence="0" id="menu_party"
            icon="tryton-users"/>

        <record model="ir.ui.view" id="party_view_tree">
            <field name="model">party.party</field>
            <field name="type">tree</field>
            <field name="arch">
                <![CDATA[
                <tree string="Parties">
                    <field name="code"/>
                    <field name="name"/>
                    <field name="lang"/>
                    <field name="vat_code"/>
                    <field name="active" tree_invisible="1"/>
                    <field name="vat_country" tree_invisible="1"/>
                    <field name="vat_number" tree_invisible="1"/>
                </tree>
                ]]>
            </field>
        </record>
    </data>
</tryton>

Here is the list of the tags:

  • tryton: The main tag of the xml

  • data: Define a set of data inside the file. It can have the attributes:

    • noupdate to prevent the framework to update the records,
    • skiptest to prevent import of data when running tests,
    • depends to import data only if all modules in the comma separated module list value are installed,
    • grouped to create records at the end with a grouped call.
  • record: Create a record of the model defined by the attribute model in the database. The id attribute can be used to refer to the record later in any xml file.

  • field: Set the value of the field with the name defined by the attribute name.

    Here is the list of attributes:

    • search: Only for relation field. It contains a domain which is used to search for the value to use. The first value found will be used.

    • ref: Only for relation field. It contains an xml id of the relation to use as value. It must be prefixed by the module name with an ending dot, if the record is defined in an other module.

    • eval: Python code to evaluate and use result as value. The following expressions are available:

      • time: The python time module
      • version: The current Tryton version
      • ref: A function that converts an XML id into a database id.
      • Decimal: The python Decimal object
      • datetime: The python datetime module
    • pyson: convert the evaluated value into PYSON string.

    Note

    Field content is considered as a string. So for fields that require other types, it is required to use the eval attribute.

  • menuitem: Shortcut to create ir.ui.menu records.

    Here is the list of attributes:

    • id: The id of the menu.
    • name: The name of the menu.
    • icon: The icon of the menu.
    • sequence: The sequence value used to order the menu entries.
    • parent: The xml id of the parent menu.
    • action: The xml id of the action linked to the menu.
    • groups: A list of xml id of group, that have access to the menu, separated by commas.
    • active: A boolean telling if the menu is active or not.